Importance Of The Battle Of Midway

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The Battle of Midway has been described by some as a turning point in World War II. Occurring just six months after the devastating attack by Japan on the United States Navy stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Japan believing they had weakened and frightened the United States now felt it was time for a secondary attack and full blown occupation of the island of Midway. Chosen not for any resources or because it had great facilities; Midway was chosen by Japan because of the islands location. “Aptly named, it sat in the middle of the Pacific at the far tip of the Hawaiian chain some 1,300 miles northwest of Oahu. (33) Japan still high off of their “victory” at Pearl Harbor ran supreme in the pacific; all allied forces were capable of at the …show more content…
Although it had left some notable loose ends in its wake—including the failure to sink any American aircraft carriers—it had resulted in enough damage to the U.S. Navy that the Japanese greeted it as a great victory.”(24) Japan knowing another direct attack on Hawaii was impossible began looking at other options including looking into the Fiji/Samoa area. “Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku, commander in chief of the Combined Fleet was convinced that the best way to lure the American carriers out was to attack on objective the Americans could not relinquish without a fight.”(33) The area chosen was the island of Midway. “Midway was a tiny atoll, composed of two islands—Sand and Eastern—surrounded by a coral reef.”(33) “The value of Midway lay not in the intrinsic value of its facilities, but rather in its location. Capturing Midway would allow the Japanese to establish themselves within the Hawaiian Islands. Midway could theoretically be used as a springboard for future operations aimed at the conquest of Hawaii itself, although its practical value as an advanced base was limited. However, holding Midway would enable the Japanese to intercept American raiding forces operating in the empty expanse of waters north and west of the Hawaiian islands.”(33) Japan chose Midway as its next target because it had great location and they felt it was a …show more content…
“Operations MI and AL were the unhappy outcome of a lack of real strategic direction on the part of the Japanese military, and the Imperial Navy in particular, in early 1942. To a large degree, these difficulties stemmed from Japan’s unforeseen success during the first four months of war. By March 1942, Japan had either attained all of her initial objectives or was in sight of doing so.”(19) Japans army and Navy loathed each other; they could not agree nor get along with one another for any reasonable time. This caused several issues with commanded and planning when it came time for the next major battle. “The Navy had too few troops to do any real “heavy lifting” of its own and therefore had to rely on the Army if it wanted to secure important objectives. The Army recognized that it had an important say in such matters, and it intended to use this leverage. Unfortunately, whereas most nations’ interservice relationships range from bad to worse, Japans were mired at the dysfunctional end of the spectrum.”(25) Japan again, assuming their attack on Pearl Harbor had caused America to become afraid or perhaps weakened made a terrible mistake, they thought that America would not attack and would be easily defeated. Japan thought they had sunk most of America’s top carriers or they were stationed in the

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