Importance Of Interrogatives In The French Language
An interrogative is a sentence of inquiry which seeks a reply. In the French language, there are four ways to form interrogatives:
One way is by using “Est-ce que” (pronounces as /es khe/), which literally translates to “is it that”. You can place it at the start of an affirmative sentence so that you can turn that sentence into a question.
Another way to use “est-ce que” is for you to put a question word before it (remember “key question words” from Chapter 6?).
To ask formal questions, what you can do is invert the conjugated verb and subject pronoun, then join them together with a hyphen.
Keep in mind that when you are using the inversion method with the 3rd person singular (il, elle, on), and a verb that ends …show more content…
Vous allez boire ce jus.
Colleen arrive pour faire son travail.
Elle vient de regarder le film.
Nous voyageons souvent.
M. Du Mont va se lever tot. Chapter 13: Negation
It is quite easy to make negative sentences in the French language. You simply need to put “ne... pas” on either side of the verb. All other components of the sentence remain the same.
Je bois du café. (I drink coffee)
Je ne bois pas de café (I don't drink coffee)
Just remember that if the verb begins with a vowel or a silent “h”, then “n’... pas” is used instead.
In colloquial French, the speakers often omit the “ne”. Also, the “ne” is solely used in sentences that contain a verb. If a sentence that does not have a verb, the negative word is used by itself.
Ce n’est pas vrai (It’s not true) is transformed into C’est pas vrai.
Je ne crois pas (I don’t believe it) is transformed into Je crois pas.
Aside from “pas”, you can choose to use other expressions of negation after “ne”, namely: non This is usually used as a negative response to a question.
Marc: Est-il chez lui? (is he at home?)
Sonja: Non, il est au supermarché. (No, he is at the supermarket)
ne.. plus (“no …show more content…
In general, it indicates the relation of the meaning that unites these components.
For instance, in the French language, the components are: possession or “de”, and place or “dance” and “en face de”. Sometimes, a preposition is simply a tool that has no specific meaning, such as “à”. A preposition needs to precede a noun.
“de” is the French counterpart of the English “from” and “à” is that of “to”. They are used with verbs to express a movement. Aller à means “to go to” and Venir de means “to come from”.
To be more specific, de and à are used to refer to locations - not the movements themselves. “De” signifies that source of the movement while “à” refers to the destination. This can be observed in the following example: “d’ici à là” (an expression which means from here to there), d’ici being the contraction of de ici, ici meaning “here”, and là meaning “there”.
Take note that the meanings of “de” and “à” change either depending on the verb to which they are associated or on their role in a certain