Importance Of Food Availability

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Powell, L. M., Slater, S., Mirtcheva, D., Bao, Y., & Chaloupka, F. J. (2007). Food store availability and neighborhood characteristics in the United States. Preventive Medicine, 44(3), 189-195. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.08.008

The purpose of this study was to examine how the availability of four different food outlets (chain supermarkets, non-chain supermarkets, grocery stores and convenience stores) correlate with race, ethnicity, SES, and population size in relation to zip codes. The information was pulled from the 2000 Census. One of the main findings was in relation to income status, low-income urban areas have significantly fewer chain supermarkets compared to middle and higher-income households. Also, in predominately
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The objectives of the study was how food availability is associated with changes in children’s BMI and the location of the child’s neighborhood status. The data that was used was Early Childhood Longitudinal Study- Kindergarten cohort (ECLS-K) and it focused on the spring sample of kindergarten, first, third, and fifth grade. It looked at food establishments in 5 categories: supermarkets, corner grocery stores, convenience stores, full-service restaurants, and fast-food chain restaurants. It was also broken into four different models including: the relationship between growth/decline in food outlets compared with BMI shifts, food availability compared with neighborhood characteristics, correlation between child/family factors and characteristics of school, and the affects television had on childhood obesity. There were numerous definitions of the food establishments used throughout in this article, which will be of value in our paper to better portray the content of the information to our audience. One of the key points this article mentioned was how low-income families are more likely to make decisions on food consumption that is tied with maximum calories and consumption because of the limited budget they have. The study also found minority children lived around a higher concentration of fast-food and convenience stores, but it had no correlation to increase in childhood obesity. This information is pertinent to our study because it will help give insight about whether childhood obesity is more correlated with the density of food establishments or exposure to them. Furthermore, it found exposure to convenience stores over time had the largest correlation with increase of BMI and Hispanic children in kindergarten were had the highest BMI. These results will help us to decipher what are possible driving forces of consuming food outside of the home and if it

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