Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace: The Democratic Peace Theory

2003 Words 9 Pages
Democratic peace theory puts forward the idea that democracies do not fight against each other and thus promote peace. Immanuel Kant was the first person to throw light on this topic in 1795 in his very well renowned essay , Perpetual Peace. According to him, democracy will not participate in warfare, unless its for the purpose of self protection. Thus, if all the countries in the world were to be democracies , there would be no war. The theory puts in a great deal of trust in democracies and believes in the concept that democracies ameliorate foreign policy. Today, the attempt to uphold the theory on one hand and relinquish its significance on the other hand is seen to be one of the main causes of disputes between the liberalists and realists.
The supporters of the democratic peace theory are undertaking on examining the empirical statistical relationship between democracy and peace. It is elementary and onerous to contend that democracies do not fight against each other. Many scholars argue that the democratic peace theory is dependable since its roots are found in the liberal norms. However, norms alone cannot explain why peace persists between the democratic countries.
Realists believe that the relationship between democracy and peace is not elucidated from the liberal
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The post cold war period has witnessed an increase in the belligerent activities by the democracies and hence endangers the efficacy of the theory. The empirical data and arguments supporting this theory are quite restricted and weak. Hence, credence in the idea that a democratic government will lead to world wide peace stands on very fragile grounds. In-fact, I second the realist view, that during crises , democracies act no differently than non

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