Importance Of Community Health Assessment For Africa-American Population And Diabetes

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Community Health Assessment for Saline County, Kansas
African-American Population and Diabetes
Introduction
Diabetes cost 245 billion in 2012 within the United States, with 176 billion towards direct medical cost and 69 billion towards reduced productivity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The overall numbers of diabetes and prediabetes reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reveals 29.1 million American or 9.3% of the population diagnosed. The further numbers of seniors age 65 or older diagnosed at 25.9% (11.8 million) and those under age 20 at 0.25% (208,000) of the population. The ethnic data for diabetes comprises: 15.9% for American Indian/Alaskan Native, 13.2% for non-Hispanic Blacks, 12.8%
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The ever shifting ethnic and cultural demographics in the United Sates requires providers to constantly research the demographics, beliefs and cultural practices their patient population to provide culturally adapted health care. The process of conducting a community health needs assessment allows providers gather the information needed to promote and sustain culturally competent health care. The ability to tailor specific care measures in a culturally relevant approach applies to all patient care needs. But with the diagnosis of diabetes and the risk of associated comorbidities, the importance of reaching patients takes on a higher responsibility. The preventative and care measure skills of the diabetic patient require the ability to convey a mutual understanding of goals and a mutual approach to achieving these goals. One such approach involves the use of diabetes self-management skills. However, these skills must be adapted to the ethnic or cultural needs of each patient.
Community health assessment for African-American health promotion and diabetes. State and County demographics, levels of illness and health
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Therefore the focus of this community needs assessment will address the health care needs of the African-American population diagnosed with diabetes in Saline County. Further supportive data involving the state population of African-Americans comprise 6.2 % of the population in Kansas compared to the Hispanic population at 2.7% of the 2,904,021 residents for the 2014 reporting, reveals a higher number of African-Americans. Moreover, in researching the data, definitive numbers regarding ethnic minorities and specific diagnosis, was not readily available for the state of Kansas, let alone Saline County. Considering the fact of African-Americans comprising the second largest population group for diabetes diagnosis in the United States, the lack of information are alarming and places this group at even greater risk for adverse health outcomes. The lack of data to guide the planning for care needs of African-American in Kansas and Saline County presents a need for further community health assessment

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