Genetic Synthesis Essay

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Every organ has its own function to ensure homeostasis, or a stable environment inside of the body. Sometimes these organs do not work properly, or are harmed, and therefore cause a disruption in the well being of the person’s homeostasis. Examples could be: liver failure, stroke, heart attack or even type one diabetes. An unaffected pancreas, according to Johns Hopkins (2016), has two different functions. The first function is called the exocrine and it releases enzymes into ducts that eventually reach the small intestine (Johns Hopkins, 2016). When the enzymes reach the small intestine the exocrine cells are released and they help break down food. The second function is the endocrine and it regulates blood glucose levels (Johns Hopkins, 2016). …show more content…
They came up with a conclusion that everyone could be happy with; it is polygenic. This means that the disease is caused by many different genes. Most of the genes found had been traced to the 6th chromosome (Pociot, 2010). In total there are 23 chromosomes, one of which determines gender, chromosome 23, while the rest carry genetic information, chromosome 1 through 22. To be specific, according to Pociot (2010), T1D is found on the Human Leukocyte Antigen Complex, HLA Complex, on the p arm of chromosome 6 in section 21 (Pociot, 2010). The HLA Complex is in charge of figuring out and deciphering if the proteins in the body are human made or if they are viruses. It mistakes the beta cells, which produce insulin, in the pancreas as viruses and sends immune cells to destroy them. The main genes responsible for T1D in the HLA Complex are HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQA1, and HLA-DQB1 (Pociot, 2010). As shown in Figure Two, there is a long and a short arm of chromosome 6. The short arm is the p arm and is where the HLA Complex is found. The red shaded region of the p arm is section 21 and the three genes related to diabetes, are in class two. Though some people do have these genes, not every one of them are …show more content…
Many diabetics count their carbs so that they know the amount of glucose that will be in their bloodstream after they eat. Just like earlier mentioned, there are normal blood sugar levels, hyperglycemia, and hypoglycemia (USNLM, 2016). Hyperglycemia, is when there is a lot of glucose in the blood, and hypoglycemia is when there is little glucose in the blood. Ideally, a person would want to stay in between these two as often as possible. The way that diabetics regulate this is by either eating more when they’re hypoglycemic or putting insulin into their body when they’re hyperglycemic. There are two ways that they can put insulin in their body: an insulin pump or shots (ADA, 2016). They are the same idea essentially, in that the diabetic uses a needle and injects insulin into a range of places in their body. They can put it in their butt, stomach, arm, thigh and so on. The difference of a pump rather than the shot is that the person does not need to keep applying shots into themselves for days. The insulin is rushed in through a site and it works just as well as the shot. Diabetics can often struggle with their blood glucose level but after they, and their families, learn the signs, T1D is usually somewhat easy to

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