Human Relation Essay

1702 Words Oct 13th, 2012 7 Pages
Human Relations Theory
Introduction
The Human Relations Theory of organization came in to existence in 1930s as a reaction to the classical approach to organizational analysis. This is because the classical theorists neglected the human factor in the organization. The Classical theorists took a mechanical view of organization and underemphasized the sociopsychological aspects of individual’s behaviour in organization. It is this critical failure of the classical theory that gave birth to the human relations approach. Human relations theory is also known by various names like Humanistic Theory, Neoclassical Theory, etc. Elton Mayo, an American Sociologist is the founder of the Human Relations Theory. The other writers who contributed to
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However, this theory has been contested, as Mayo's purported role in the human relations movement has been questioned. Nonetheless, although Taylorism attempted to justify scientific management as a holistic philosophy rather than a set of principles, the human relations movement worked parallel to the notion of scientific management aiming to address the social welfare needs of workers and therefore elicit their co-operation as a workforce.
The widely perceived view of human relations is said to be one that completely contradicts the traditional views of Taylorism. Whilst scientific management tries to apply science to the workforce, the accepted definition of human relations suggests that management should treat workers as individuals, with individual needs. In doing so, employees are supposed to gain an identity, stability within their job and satisfaction,which in turn make them more willing to co-operate and contribute their efforts towards accomplishing organisational goals. Thus, the human relations movement supported the primacy of organization to be attributed to natural human groupings, communication and leadership. However, the conventional depiction of the Human Relations 'school' of management rising out of the ashes of Scientific Management is argued to be a rhetorical distortion of events.
Firstly, it has been argued that Elton Mayo's actual role in the human relations movement is controversial and although he

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