Human Population And Its Effect On The Environment Essay

1351 Words Dec 6th, 2016 6 Pages
The human population has grown at a steady incline and the continued destruction of natural areas and habitat to make room, has caused scientist has come up with a way to produce food faster while using less space. Vertical farming is the practice of growing organic food in vertically stacked layers using artificial light and without soil. Vertical farms are buildings with controlled environmental conditions that allow crops to be grown all year round by using hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics to create an artificial environment (Clemson 2011). Hydroponics is the cultivation of plants by placing roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil, Aeroponics is the growing of plants by suspending their roots in the air, and aquaponics is the combination of raising aquatic animals with growing plants. The combination of the three makes growing the plants possible. Vertical farming allows year round crop production, significantly reduces the use of fossil fuels, and returns farmland to nature which helps restore damaged ecosystems.
The concept of indoor farming has been around for ages, Greenhouses for example. In the past decade strawberries, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and others have increased abundantly in supermarkets. Most of these crops are grown in small factory farms that are able to produce crops year round to meet demand. The difference between greenhouses and vertical farming is that vertical farms would be multistory buildings. Building them this way…

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