Biodynamic Farming Case Study

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The aim of this paper is to explore biodynamic farming as it specifically relates to viticulture. Biodynamic practices may have an impact on not only the health of vineyard soil and crop, but also enology. According to Trippetts, Count Carl von Keyserlingk of Germany requested a group of farmers and doctors to address the problem of declining soil and crop quality in Europe (Tippetts, 2012). Biodynamics was developed to answer this request. In the 1920s Dr. Rudolf Steiner developed the theory of biodynamics (Tippetts, 2012). Dr. Steiner presented a series of lectures that explored the theory of providing a holistic approach to caring for the land, crops and animals. The premise of biodynamics is to consider the sustainability of different elements, such as crops, animals, and soil to improve ecological harmony within the farm (Villanueva-Rey, Vázquez-Rowe, & Teresa …show more content…
Biodynamic managed vineyards tend to have a more fertile soil, which in years of adversity increased the vines ability to adapt and thrive (Guzzon, et al., 2015). Biodynamic grapevines tend to spread deeper roots allowing them access to ground water during times of drought (Tippetts, 2012). Tippetts goes on to say that conventionally farmed vines tend to have roots that spread close to the surface. This allows the vine to easily take up nutrients and water applied at the surface (Tippetts, 2012). The ability of the deep rooted biodynamic vine to reach ground water during drought is a distinct advantage for the vineyard manager. Grapevines of biodynamically managed vineyards tend to have a lower leaf stomatal conductance (Picone, Trimigno, Tessarin, Donnini, & Domenico, 2016). Picone et al. state that lower stomatal conductance enhances the plants tolerance towards abiotic and biotic factors. This is a significant benefit to the vineyard

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