How Social Factors And Life Decisions Have Become Key Elements Of African American Male Incarceration?

725 Words Sep 23rd, 2016 3 Pages
In the study conducted by Merlo and Wolpin (2015), the researchers sought out to understand how young adult males’ behaviors as well as family history are related to being incarcerated as adults, crime, arrests, and high school graduation. Furthermore, this study is attempting to address how and why different variables have a huge impact on young adult males’ lives and inevitably lead to prison at an astonishing rate. Merlo and Wolpin conducted this study to see how social factors and life decisions have become key elements in African-American male incarceration. Moreover, for their hypothesis, the researchers believe that lack of education and employment are the reasons why young adult males are more susceptible to committing crimes and entering the prison system (Merlo & Wolpin, 2015, p. 236). Next, in the literature review, to Randi Hjalmarsson offers an explanation as to how less education plays a role in incarceration rates. Hjalmarsson (2008) states that youth that are arrested or incarcerated before they turn sixteen are less likely to receive their high school diploma and as a result commit more crimes which explains why incarceration rates are skyrocketing compared to arrest rates (Merlo & Wolpin, 2015, p. 235). In addition, Denise Gottfredson (1985) conducted a study over a two-year span and concluded that youth that live in urban neighborhoods and attend school while working are less likely to commit crimes (Merlo & Wolpin, 2015). As a result, delinquency rates…

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