Hong Kong Handover Case Study

Amazing Essays
Section 1: Identification and evaluation of sources
My investigation is on the Hong Kong Handover, which is about the transfer of Hong Kong from British rule to Chinese rule. The question I will analyze is “To what extent did Hong Kong retain its original government immediately after the Hong Kong handover in 1996?” The method I will use to answer this question is by researching facts about the government before and after 1997 and analyzing what changed or stayed the same. In this section, I will investigate two sources: Hong Kong Government Structure from the Hong Kong Government Information Centre and Chapter II of the Basic Law. The first source gives information about the Hong Kong government prior to the handover while the second source
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Hong Kong had a government called the Hong Kong Government. There is the Governor, who is usually British, and has the “ultimate direction” of the Hong Kong administration (“Hong Kong Government…”). Under the Governor is the Executive Council, in other words, his cabinet that advises him on multiple situations. Similar to the United States’ checks and balances, Hong Kong also has the Legislative Council which “monitors the performance of the administration”, as well as the Judiciary system which is fundamental to the common law (“Hong Kong Government…”). The common law is a set of British legislation used in their home country and is also applied to Hong …show more content…
This is enforced in the newly introduced “one country, two systems” policy, because China has a socialist system that Hong Kong does not want. Basically, the “one country, two systems” policy allows for each country to maintain their own government systems, obviously with a few exceptions. For example, the Central People’s government will take control of Hong Kong’s foreign affairs. Although, they do allow the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to conduct a few relevant affairs. The Central People’s Government also is responsible for the defense and will have their military personnel in Hong Kong. Overall, this idea lets the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region have a majority of control over their own

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