Hiv And The Body 's Immune System Essay

1023 Words May 20th, 2016 5 Pages
Aids is a disease that can affect the way that the body’s viral defense system works. HIV was first noticed in the 80’s and 90’s. At that time, it was blown out of proportion because of the effects that people first thought were associated with HIV/AIDS. This paper will talk about the background and what HIV/AIDS is and what it does to the body, and it will talk about the various treatments that are being tested and used right now in society.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If left untreated, HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Unlike some other viruses, the human body can not get rid of HIV completely. So, once someone has attained HIV, that person would have it for life. HIV attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), which help the immune system fight off infections. If left untreated, HIV reduces the number of CD4 cells (T cells) in the body, making the person more likely to obtain infections or infection-related cancers. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can not fight off infections and disease. These opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS, the last state of HIV infection. No effective cure for HIV currently exists, but with proper treatment and medical care, HIV can be controlled. The medicine used to treat HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART. If taken the right way, every day,…

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