Hiv / Aids : An Immunodeficiency Virus Essay

1120 Words Oct 16th, 2015 null Page
HIV/AIDS is an immunodeficiency virus that attacks the body 's cell. HIV/AIDS are not two separate diseases, they are just two different stages of the same disease, AIDS being the more severe of the two. HIV or human immunodeficiency virus affects and attacks specific cells within the human body, weakening the immune system. AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the final stage of the HIV infection, and not everyone progresses to this stage of HIV. “AIDS is the stage of infection that occurs when your immune system is badly damaged and you become vulnerable to opportunistic infections. When the number of your CD4 cells falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (200 cells/mm3), you are considered to have progressed to AIDS. (Normal CD4 counts are between 500 and 1,600 cells/mm3.) You can also be diagnosed with AIDS if you develop one or more opportunistic infections, regardless of your CD4 count.” The main reason this disease is so deadly is that it is almost non-treatable for low income families/people. “There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective treatment with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus so that people with HIV can enjoy healthy and productive lives.” HIV is a disease that only affects humans, and it is only transferred through bodily fluids, whether it is blood, mucus, or saliva. HIV is such a deadly disease in low income countries because of the lack of money and education to combat the disease. HIV can be treated with…

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