History Of The United States : The Beginning Of Western Medicine

1331 Words Nov 15th, 2016 6 Pages
II. History of Biomedicine in the United States:

The Beginning of Western Medicine: The origins of Western medicine is thought to have developed around 800 BCE-90 CE, during the Greek and Roman empires. One prominent figure in forming Western medicine was Hippocrates of Kos; who is considered as the father of Western medicine (Silverberg 1966). Hippocrates is most famously credited for the Hippocratic Oath for physicians, which physicians vow an updated version today. Hippocrates also began to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic, endemic, and epidemic, (Silverberg 1966) and use terms such as, exacerbation, relapse, resolution, crisis, paroxysm, peak, and convalescence (Loudon 1997). Additionally, Hippocrates and his pupils orchestrated the Hippocratic Corpus, which is a collection of around seventy early medical works from ancient Greece. During the Middle Ages (400-1400 CE), European study of medical sciences was in a recession (Porter 1998). However, Islamic civilization rose to primacy in medical science. Islamic civilization was greatly influenced by ancient Indian, Greek, Roman and Byzantine societies. The Islamic civilization greatly developed and modernized these practices further (Meri 2006). Islamic civilization’s physicians significantly contributed to the field of medicine, including anatomy, ophthalmology, pharmacology, pharmacy, physiology, surgery, and the pharmaceutical sciences (Meri 2006). The Renaissance brought to Europe a rejuvenation of medical…

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