Abortion: The Social Case Of Roe V. Wade Case
Prior to the Supreme Court judgement in Roe v. Wade, women in the United States put their health in danger by seeking illegal abortions (Vecera, 2014). In the 1950’s and 1960’s, 200,000 to one million U.S. women sought unlawful termination procedures (Gold, 2003). Gold (2003) reports, in 1930 close to 2,700 women lost their lives due to illegal abortions. With the advancement in medical science and the discovery of antibiotics, …show more content…
Then, the feminist social movement and the open-minded sexual viewpoints in the 1960’s shifted the nation’s opinion on abortion (Vecera, 2014). In 1962, the American Law Institute (ALI), published “Model Penal Code on Abortion”, appealing for legal abortions due to incest, rape, birth defects, and health risks. (Gold, 2003). As a result, by 1972, 13 states adopted ALI rulings and four states reversed antiabortion laws (Gold, 2003).
In 1970, Jane Doe (acronym) filed a lawsuit stating Texas anti-abortion laws violated a woman’s right to privacy under the fourth, fifth, ninth, and fourteenth amendments (Roe V. Wade, 1973). Unmarried and pregnant, Miss Roe filed the claim in the interest of all women and their reproductive rights (Roe V. Wade, 1973).
On January 22, 1973, pursuant to the case Roe V. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, the United States Supreme Court under the right to privacy, granted women the right terminate a pregnancy. The verdict would affect all present and future women, of child bearing age, in the United States. Justice Blackburn wrote in the court’s majority opinion:
This right of privacy, whether it be founded in the Fourteenth Amendment 's concept of personal liberty and restrictions upon state action, as we feel it is, …show more content…
For example, The Center for Disease Control’s Abortion Surveillance Report shows 664,435 women had legal abortions in 2013 (CDC, 2013). Yet, the policy fails to include all women due to barriers. The unintended consequences of Roe v. Wade is the Hyde Amendment and stricter state laws. Frequently, poor women have to forgo an abortion due to a lack of funds (Nash et al., 2016). The Hyde amendment impacts over 3.5 million black women, ages 15-44, on Medicaid (Boonstra, 2016). For example, 60 percent of women, of child bearing years, who are on Medicaid, are lacking abortion benefits (Boonstra,