History And Evolution Of The American College Test Essay

5916 Words Oct 30th, 2016 24 Pages
History and Evolution of the American College Test The American College Test (ACT) has been around for more than fifty years, fifty seven to be exact. According to www.act.org, the ACT was developed in 1959 by E.F. Lindquist. In addition, the site asserts the test was not meant to focus on cognitive skills but instead to focus on what is being taught in our schools. Information found at http://www.erikthered.com/tutor/sat-act-history.html reports the test was first administered in 1960 to 75,000 students. The articles states:
In November, the ACT Assessment is administered for the first time to about 75,000 students, and scheduled to be administered four times per year (in February, April, June, and November) starting in 1960. Based on the Iowa Tests of Educational Development (in fact, all the ACT exam questions for the first test had been pre-tested on a previous ITED), the test is comprised of four sections: English, mathematics, social studies, and natural sciences. Each section is 45 minutes long, for a total test time of 3 hours. Scores are reported on a scale of 1 to 36 for the test as a whole and for each sub-section. The test administration is primarily limited to the Midwestern U.S at this time; the student 's test fee is $3 (about $23 in 2012 dollars). The first ACT test and all successive administrations are scored by computers using optical mark recognition, at rates of thousands of test sheets per hour. (Lindquist developed optical mark reader machines which…

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