Historical Context Of China Sea Disputes Essay

737 Words Apr 24th, 2016 3 Pages
My paper’s topic will be focused on the historical context of China and its maritime disputes in the South and East China Sea, particularly with the ongoing dispute between the Spratly, Paracel Islands in the South China Sea and Diaoyo/Senkaku Island in the East China Sea. Currently, there are six countries that lay overlapping claims to these islands, an area that is rich in natural resources and worth trillions of dollars of global trade flow. As China seeks to expand its maritime presence in the region, they have been met by growing assertiveness from regional claimants like Japan, the Philippines, and Vietnam. The historical context between these territorial disputes are rather complicated, especially since it involves many nations in the region, but first I will break it down one by one, starting with the South China Sea. The South China Sea disputes mainly revolves around two particular islands, the Spratly and Paracel. The nations that are involved in these disputes are Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Taiwan, and the main contender, China. China claims by far the largest portion of territory in the South China Sea and both the island’s as defined by the “nine-dash line”, as shown in the picture I posted on the left, provided by an article from the BBC News.
The Chinese government argued that their right on both the islands’, goes back centuries to when the Paracel and Spratly island chains were regarded as integral parts of the Chinese nation and proved…

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