Aboriginal Issues In Australia

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1.0 Introduction

1.1 Aim The aim of the report is to investigate issues relating to indigenous Australians.

1.2 Parameters The parameters of the report are health and housing issues of indigenous Australians. Commonwealth and interstate governments’ actions to help indigenous are also discussed.

1.3 Definition According to Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary and Thesaurus (2016), indigenous is defined as “natural existing in a place or country rather than arriving from another place”.

1.4 Thesis Statement Health and housing of indigenous Australians are backward and need to be improved immediately. Australian government has agreed to six ambitious targets to solve indigenous problems. With the guidelines of commonwealth government,
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They have lived in Australia approximate 6000 years (Australian Museum n.d.). After European settlement in 1778, most of them were killed, imprisoned, enslaved, driven away and deprived of the ability to provide families (Korff 2016). On the basis of the census in 2006, the Australian Bureau of Statistics has estimated that the Indigenous population made up about 2.5% of the total Australian population. Over half of the total Indigenous population were currently living in New South Wales and Queensland (Australian Human Rights Commission 2008).

2.2 Health Background of Indigenous Australians From 2012 to 2013, around two in five Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults supposed that their health were in good condition, but 7.2% adults still considered themselves unhealthy (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2013). The potential health risks included tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight and obesity. Tobacco smoking was the major health risk among indigenous people, though rates of smoking have come down from 44% in 2008 to 41% in 2013 (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2013).

2.3 Housing background of Indigenous
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The state government has committed NSW Aboriginal Health Plan 2013-2023 to work in partnership with indigenous people and other government agencies for improving the health outcomes of indigenous people (Centre for Aboriginal Health 2012). The plan shows six strategies including “building trust through partnerships, implementing what works and building the evidence, integrated planning and service delivery, strengthening the aboriginal workforce, providing culturally safe work environments and health services and strengthening performance monitoring, management and accountability to direct efforts to best achieve the highest level of health possible for indigenous people” (Aboriginal Health 2012). The target of the plan is to reduce smoking rates by 4% for Aboriginal people and 2% per year for pregnant Aboriginal women, halve the gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal infant mortality rates by 2018 and reduce the age-standardised rate of potentially preventable hospitalisations by 2.5% for indigenous people by 2014–15 (Aboriginal Health

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