Hand Hygiene Practices

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Improving Adherence to Hand Hygiene Policies and Procedures.
Improving Adherence to Hand Hygiene Policies and Procedures.
Introduction
Close to 100,000 deaths that occur per year are caused by infections that are health related. According to a systematic review that was done worldwide, infections that are health range between 1.7 and 23.6% for every 100 patients. The treatment costs incurred also range from 30 to 34 billion US dollars. It is interesting to note that a majority of these infections can be avoided by practicing health hygiene.
Claims that proper hand hygiene practices do help to reduce infections related to health care are supported by evidences that can be termed as critical epidemiologic. Organizations such as the World Health
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Maxfield & Dull (2011) postulated that the culture of workers and the atmosphere in a hospital have to consider infection department to be facilitators of hand hygiene practice. The staff ought to encourage healthcare workers as well as patients to comply with the hygiene practices. It was suggested by Ott & French (2009) that the hygiene practices involving hands goes beyond education and trainings. This is mainly because compliance has to do with a continued motivation that is focused on sustained change.
Healthcare workers view hand hygiene as a means of preventing healthcare-related infections to patients (Creedon, 2006; O’Boyle et al. 2001). This means to them, hand hygiene is a way of protecting oneself from infections related to healthcare. It has however been difficult to achieve compliance. The theory of planned behavior was used by O’Boyle et al.(2001) to establish factors influencing hand hygiene. This included social-cultural pressure, beliefs and perceived behaviors that effect hand hygiene practice into workflow.

Expected results in relation to other
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Compliance is not only observed by healthcare workers alone, but also by organizational leaders and policy makers as well. This is to be observed during these moments; after coming into physical contact with a patient or their surroundings, after encountering body fluids, before the clean procedure, as well as before coming into physical contact with a patient. The staff preparing food in the healthcare facilities, those involved with the cleaning, the healthcare personal as well as all those that at some point directly contact patients should not have their artificial nails on and their natural ones should not be allowed to grow beyond the tip of the finger (CDC 2009). They should also avoid wearing wrist watches and rings when they are at

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