Essay on Group Behavior

1599 Words 7 Pages
Group Behavior
Robert Watson
Columbia College

In an organizational context, group behavior is an important concept as it determines the cohesiveness and coherence of the organizational culture and organizational communication. For instance, unless the human resource department (HRD) function communicates the policies clearly and cogently, the employees would not participate and comply with them wholeheartedly. Hence, molding group behavior is important for organizations. However, this cannot be construed to mean that all employees must think and act alike. On the contrary, innovation cannot happen when group behavior is the same across all levels. The point here is that while organizations must strive for cohesiveness and coherence,
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We do not mean to say that there must be fractious fights in the organization. On the other hand, there must be a space for free expression of ideas and thoughts and true democratic decision making ought to take place. Only when organizations inculcate these elements in their DNA can they succeed in the competitive business landscape of the 21st century. Groups can vary widely in size and composition. Individuals tend to drift to people with like characteristics, and the composition of a group that arises organically may be more homogeneous. In contrast, a group with enforced membership, like an assigned group of people in a class who must complete a project together, will be more variable. Various activities may facilitate bonding within the group, one reason many organizations use retreats and ice-breaking exercises to get their members to work together.
Formal groups
Formal groups are established by the organization to accomplish specific tasks. It is a designated work-group defined by the organizational structure. It includes.
a) Command groups: command groups are composed of the subordinates who report directly to a common superior. For example: a college principal and teachers, a production manager and his subordinates in his department and so on.
b) Committees and taskforces/groups:

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