Greek Civilization: Homosexual Love In Homer's Iliad

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Greek Civilization: Greek achievement in history, art, literature and philosophy has always been impecabble and have contributed largely in setting up the norms for the entire World. In Greek histories, poetry, ceramics, teracotta and literary works, a lot of homosexual accounts have been found to exist. According to Classical Philosophers (480 BCE), the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus is an classic example of same-sex love in Greek Mythology ( Crompton, 2003, p 2). In Homer’s epic Iliad, Achilles reaction to Patroclus death is connoted of the homosexual relationship between them (Pattanaik, 2014, p 19). Plato too, in his work Symposium, presents the homosexual relationship between Achilles and Patrolocus (Crompton, 2003, p 2) Poetry and folklores in Greek history also accounts of a lot of same-sex relationships and love. Saphho, Ibycus, Alcaeus, Anacreon, Theognis and Pindar have written a lot of poetry elucidating anthologies …show more content…
the tale of Zeus, king of Greek Gods, who transforms himself to the form of an eagle and abducts Ganymede, a prince. A fight that happens between Zephyr, the god of West Wind and Apollo over Hyacinth, a handsome youth (Pattanaik, 2014, p 19). In the Aeolian Culture of the Greek Island Lesbos, Sappho, the poet immensely praises the beauty of women in all of her poetry (Ibid, p 20). The term ‘lesbian’ emerged from the avowals of love for women in Sappho’s poetry (Crompton, 2003, p 18).
In and around the same time in Palestine, the Leviticus law was incorporated and decreed upon which largely affected the fate of homosexuals and till date affects the various constructs around it in many countries. Chapter 18 of Leviticus law condems homosexual behaviour in males and Chapter 20 implies a specific form of penalty imposed on men if they are found to be engaged in homosexual acts (Ibid p 33). According to it:
“If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them

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