Grace Murray Hopper: Programming Pioneer By V. Rajaraman

1103 Words 4 Pages
In the article, “Grace Murray Hopper – Programming Pioneer”, author V. Rajaraman summarizes the life and accomplishments of Grace Murray Hopper, a woman who is credited for several major computer and technology developments. Rajaraman goes into extensive detail about Hopper’s early life, such as how Hopper focused heavily on her education in order to receive a PhD in Mathematics at Yale University which soon lead her to become a math professor at Vassar College. Rajaraman also mentions how Hopper tried to join the U.S. Navy, but with no prevail as women were banned from the Navy at the time. However, as the United States entered into World War II, a shortage of men lead the Navy to implement a program called the Women Accepted for Voluntary …show more content…
Orlando explains that because of Hopper’s “extraordinary career in computer science, software development, teaching, the military, and business management”, many people refer to Hopper as “Amazing Grace” (p.1). Orlando goes into detailed about how “Amazing Grace” developed her passion and motivation to pursue a career in the math and science field, a field in which many women were often discouraged from entering. Orlando explains that this drive came from Hopper’s parents, but especially her father, for “Grace admired him for his fortitude and strong will” because “though he was physically handicapped due to a double leg amputation, he continued to work as an insurance broker” (p. 2). Orlando concludes her journal article stating that “[t]hough most remember [Grace Hopper] for her work with computers, it was teaching and service to her country that she was most proud of” (p. …show more content…
After being recognized for her work on the Mark I computer, she was then employed by Eckert-Mauchly Corporation as a senior mathematician, where she worked with their Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), which was programmed using C-10 code instead of punch cards. It was while Hopper was working for Eckert-Mauchly when she developed FLOW-MATIC, a business programmable language, which served as the precursor for COBOL.
Summarize the major social and or ethical changes that took place in a defined historical period.
According to Orlando, Hopper “saw the potential of computer applications, and through her persistence and determination she was the driving force behind many advances in programming” (p. 5). Hopper tried giving back to society after her many years of service to the country from her work with the U.S. Navy to her work on computers to make them programmable for the everyday man, by traveling throughout the United States giving inspirational speeches to encourage people to embrace change and to challenge the way things are currently being

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