Golden Lion Tamarin Case Study

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Register to read the introduction… Genetic management (that is, the selection of breeding mates based on pedigree analysis) occurs during all 3 phases, although during the earlier phases there may be a higher priority placed on successful reproduction than on genetic issues (that is, who should breed with whom). The development of the captive population for the golden lion tamarin followed such a progression (Figure 2).

To prevent inbreeding every zoo has a studbook .A stud book is a breed registry of animals within a specific breed whose parents are known. The studbook/breeding program is about managing species in captivity.
Several zoos around the world co-operate in the breeding of the golden lion tamarin, moving individuals among the various zoos to prevent inbreeding. Over 50 tamarins a year are born in captivity. Hopefully, it will be possible to introduce many of these to the wild in future years.
Captive breeding is seen as an interference with the nature because it eliminates natural selection; this means individuals that are not able to survive in the wild will survive. Many People think it is cruel to keep animals in captivity because they are not free as in the wild and are often not comfortable with their new
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Reintroduction is the deliberate release of species into the wild, from captivity or relocated from other areas where the species survives. It usually involves species that are endangered or extinct in the wild
An intensive reintroduction program has allowed more than 70 tamarins to be released into Brazil's protected area. Mortality is high; however, up to 70 percent die in the first year after release when zoo-born tamarins are set free in the forest they become disoriented and helpless and do not know how to feed themselves.
Efforts are being made to release golden lion tamarins into "half-way houses," large caged-in areas of the rain forest, where the tamarins can learn to navigate their multidimensional habitat while being protected from predators and supplied with food supplements.
Since 1984, 147 tamarins have been released into the wild. It is hoped by 2025 there may be 2000 wild golden lion tamarins. Bristol Zoo Gardens are an important part of the captive breeding programme for this

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