Globalization And International Order

1047 Words 5 Pages
In 1991 the end of the Cold War brought the bipolar international system of superpowers, United States and Soviet Union, to an end. Since this time international order has been filled with uncertainty, change, and chaos. Globalization is one reason chaos has been created in the international system. The terms of state relationships have changed. States now must be dependent on each other as events outside their state have more impact than ever before and require international cooperation. Globalization has created multiple changes for state in politics, economics, social/cultural and security; each element changing international order in the 21st century. International Relation theorist have multiple definition for international order based on the relationship between states (actors and non-actors), individuals, and political systems. Ikenberry defines international orders as “a pattern of activity that sustains the elementary or primary goals of the society of states, or international society.” He goes further and defines order as the fundamental rules, principles, and institutions among a group of states. Ikenberry states, “The three most important varieties of political order among states are those organized around balance of power, hegemony, and constitutionalism.” …show more content…
These organizations “represent interest other than those of the state” . (xx) Although these organizations do not have hard power (military resources), their soft power (economic and cultural) has increased with the spread of technology such as Twitter, Facebook and news media. NGOs have increased internationally from “6,000 to 40,000 during the 1990’s alone”. These organizations pose a threat to the international order by influencing public perceptions of what governments should be

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