Glaxosmithkline and Aids Drugs for Africa Essay

1183 Words Apr 18th, 2011 5 Pages
GlaxoSmithKline and AIDS Drugs for Africa

What comes to mind when you hear the words “pharmaceutical company”? There are many ways to define a pharmaceutical company. According to the Princeton review, a pharmaceutical company is a drug company that makes and sells pharmaceuticals. Another definition for a pharmaceutical company is an industry that develops, produces, and markets drugs licensed for use as generic and/or brand medications. These companies are subject to a variety of laws and regulations regarding the patenting, testing and marketing of drugs.

One of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world today is GlaxoSmithKline PLC (GSK). GlaxoSmithKline PLC (GSK) was formed in December 2000 through a merger of
…show more content…
GSK developed a billion dollar sales industry from developing countries, particularly countries where AIDS was the leading cause of death. In particular was the continent of Africa, in which 25 million Africans were estimated to be infected with HIV. In 2001, sub-Saharan Africa was the epicenter of the global pandemic, with some 70 percent of cases worldwide. Nine percent of all adult Africans were believed to be HIV-positive by which many never even knew they had the disease, and death certificates typically did not record AIDS as the cause of death. By these numbers, the United Nations estimated 25 million people were infected with HIV, 3 million people were newly sick, and 2 million died of the disease. Unlike the developed world, where AIDS had been largely confined to homosexuals and IV drug users, the disease in Africa was mainly transmitted through heterosexual contact, which affected both men and women equally in the prime of their life.

Very few Africans afflicted by the pandemic had access to the most recent medicines and treatments. In the early 2000s, the standard therapy for AIDS consisted of a combination drug that suppressed the HIV virus that caused the disease. Such a drug “cocktail” was very expensive, typically costing between $10,000 and $15,000 a year in the United States. Most individuals in the sub-Saharan Africa did not carry public or private health insurance and

Related Documents