HIV And Psychosocial Implications

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The grim outlook of HIV has changed over the past thirty years from the early days of the infectious disease. Through massive research and modern medicine, HIV is no longer a death sentence but now a livable condition. However, the demographics and psychosocial implications still remain pretty much the same with a few small differences. Identifying HIV has become more transparent than when it was first diagnosed. Over the years, it has been discovered that people with HIV are susceptible to the opportunistic diseases or infections. Those living with HIV today can live longer and healthier with affordable medication.
HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV is a virus that only infect humans and reproduces itself by taking
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was newly diagnosed with HIV. Nearly two thirds of these new infections were occurred in gay and bisexual men. Black/African American men and women were also highly affected and were estimated to have an HIV incidence rate that was almost eight times as high as the in incidence rate among whites. (CDC, 2013) In 2011, there were 192 new diagnosis for the perinatal and hemophilia/blood transfusion group. The numbers of infections have shrunk for these groups due to mandatory blood tests of pregnant mothers and heavy scrutinized screening of blood/plasma donors. Additionally, in the 2011 CDC report, the top ten states with the most HIV diagnosis in 2011 were California (5,973), Florida (5,403), Texas (5,065), New York (4,960), Georgia (2,522), Illinois (2,142), Maryland (1,783), North Carolina (1,672), New Jersey (1,567) and Pennsylvania (1,545). (CDC, 2013) The age group that was most effected was between the ages of 30 to 49. The age group that was in mid-range were ages 20 to 29 and 55 to 64. The age group that was least effected was 19 and under and 65 and …show more content…
Many people fall into a state of depression and denial. Depression and HIV make life hard for those diagnosed. Depression can lead to additional problems, such as failure to take the life-saving antiretroviral medications. It is not advised to self-treat depression with natural remedies, because there may be harmful side effects when mixed with the HIV medication being used. The depression needs to be treated properly by a mental health physician.
The overall health and longevity of people infected with HIV continue to improve through treatment with highly effective antiretroviral medications. This is the main type of treatment and helps people extend their life. In certain cases, some take a combination therapy, which is taking two or more antiretroviral drugs at one time. Taking a combination cocktail of three or more antiretroviral drugs at one time is referred to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy known as HAART. In order to live longer and healthier, it takes faithful dedication to take the medication as part of a daily

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