Essay about Genetically Modified Organisms ( Gmos )

754 Words Mar 31st, 2016 4 Pages
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs), are organisms that are genetically engineered in a laboratory by adding, deleting, or changing segments of its DNA (244). The goal is to place genes that produce certain proteins and code for certain desirable traits (such as rapid growth, disease resistance, or high nutritional content) into the genomes of organisms lacking those traits (261). Due to the lack of research, increase in herbicide, and crossbreeding contamination; GMO foods should be avoided.
The genetic alteration of plants and animals has been influenced for thousands of years through selective breeding. However, the techniques that are used to create today’s GM organism differ from selective breeding, whereas genetic engineering is more akin to the process of mutation of the gene pool of our food (262). Currently, no study has shown undeniable evidence of health impacts from any GM food. This is due to the lack of studies being done between human health and GMO-based diets. The FDA does not conduct safety studies on GM foods; rather the FDA leaves companies producing these GM foods reliable for safety studies (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2015). However, Animal research points to serious health risks from eating GM foods, including infertility, immune system problems, gastrointestinal problems, organ changes, and tumors (Smith, 2014). According to Melissa Smith an internationally recognized nutritionists argues that “GM foods benefit the chemical companies that…

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