Essay on Genetically Modified Bacteria And. Coli Bacteria

1023 Words Jun 1st, 2016 5 Pages
In 1972, American scientists Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen achieved the impossible; they inserted viral DNA into bacterial DNA. When this happened it was groundbreaking and soon led to the the ability for scientists to manipulate gene sequences in DNA. E. Coli was the bacteria that was first used to accept the plasmid known as pSC101 which was resistant to certain antibiotics (Genetics and Genomics Timeline). After repetition of this new process they decided to use the genes from the Xenopus laevis toad into E. Coli bacteria. They saw that the bacteria reproduced at an astonishing rate and recorded that the genetic material from the toad passed through different generations of E. Coli bacteria. Soon after these experiments, there were scientific breakthroughs in the use of genetically modifying bacteria. In 1978, human insulin making dna was inserted into E.Coli to produce artificial insulin. This was an easier source of insulin than getting it from cows or pigs. After the discovery by American scientists Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen, science made unprecedented advances in molecular studies.
Genetically modified bacteria has been the center for the argument in bioethics, as messing with the genetic code without a guideline is unethical. The problems that people have with the modification of genetic material is the ethical repercussions. The use of genetically modified bacteria should be allowed to further the advance of medical and technological endeavors, as once these…

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