Genetic Engineering And Its Effects On Human Consumption And Environmental Hazards

1645 Words Mar 18th, 2016 7 Pages
What is in our food? Now, many do not care to know exactly what is in their food, as long as it tastes good. However, people should be more cautious about what they consume because genetic engineering has been evolving everyday foods with the help of technological advancements. Genetic Engineering has generated controversial questions regarding GM (genetically modified) foods. GM foods have impacted the economy negatively, by imposing environmental problems, health risks, and how labeling should be mandatory in production.
The basis of genetic engineering is modifying an organism 's genetic composition by transferring specific traits (genes) from one organism into another. In this case, modifying both plants and animals raises potential concerns to human consumption and environmental hazards. Scientific terms are used because genetic engineering uses science to affect multiple components in agriculture. For instance, farmers will need to know that pesticides are substances that are used to destroy insects harmful to cultivated plants. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a bacterium that is used as a biological pesticide. Herbicides are also used in agriculture, as they are toxic to plants and the used to destroy unwanted vegetation. All of these terms will be essential parts in explaining how GM foods are harmful to both humans and the environment. The beginning of genetic transformation in plant and animals was in 1983 to 1989, however the U.S. government regulated biotechnology…

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