General Singapore Essay

681 Words Jan 28th, 2013 3 Pages
General Information about Singapore
 Background and brief history 1819: Sir Stamford Raffles founded Singapore as a British trading post.

Mid-1860s: Singapore became a major port-of-call for ships plying between Europe and East Asia, thanks to the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and a new technology: the steamship. The country continues to look for ways to exploit new technologies to ensure its survival and well-being. Around 1900: Before the close of the 19th century, Singapore enjoyed unprecedented prosperity and trade expanded eightfold between 1874 and 1913. It attracted immigrants (the first foreign talents) from around the region. 1941: The peace and prosperity ended when Japanese aircraft bombed the sleeping
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1963: Economic logic compelled a merger with Malaya as part of a larger federation called Malaysia. The theory was that Singapore was an island too small to survive on its own. 1965: The merger was short-lived. Singapore was separated from Malaysia on 9 August, and became a sovereign, democratic and independent nation. On 22 December, Singapore became a republic, with Yusof bin Ishak as the republic's first President.
Early Name Across the history of the Southeast Asian region, Singapore has been referred to by a variety of names, such as “Puluozhong”, “Temasek” and “Singapura”. The last of these is the Malay origins for the modern name of Singapore.
A Chinese historical account of Singapore in the 3rd century refers to the island as Puluozhong. It is derived from the Malay words “pulau ujong”, which means "island at the end of the peninsula”.
In 1365, Singapore was called Temasek in the epic poem “Javanese Nagarakretagama”. Temasek means “sea town” in Malay. The poem is recognised today as the most important piece of literature ever written during the Majapahit era. Chinese trader Wang Dayuan, who visited Singapore around 1330, wrote the earliest first-hand account of the island’s history, referring to Singapore as “Danmaxi”, a Mandarin version of “Temasek”.
Of all the historical accounts, the “Sejarah Melayu” or “Malay

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