Framework For Special Education

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The framework for providing for the educational needs of children throughout the United Kingdom (UK) is similar throughout Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and England; providing for appropriate special education services for those students who qualifying is similar as well. With a focus specifically on England, which occupies the southernmost region of the UK, this section of the paper will examine the policy framework, programs, and assessments of exceptional needs students through a comparative lens with that of similar structures and services throughout the United States. The United States collectively refers to the term Special Education as the educational services and programs needed by “students who have physical, cognitive, language, …show more content…
In a publication endorsed and supported by the new Government in May of 2010, the SEN Green Paper outlined new requirements in the identification, assessment of needs and provision of services in educating special needs youth, which was finalized after significant and noteworthy changes and amendments, ultimately becoming the Children & Families Bill of 2014 (Silas, 2014). With the revamping of previous policies dealing with the needs of students with disabilities, the government of England set forth to simplify and coordinate already existing services offered under the National health structure. Unlike the United States, England has a National Health Service (NHS), which is publically funded; services for education, medical, and social welfare are free to UK residents and legal immigrants. In response to complaints of lapses in services, redundant services and the complications associated with government bureaucracy, the system was streamlined. Some key policies of the new reform is a combined system for children with SEN from birth to age 25, with a comprehensive Education, Health and Care (EHC) Plan. The plan addresses the broad needs of students in their local authorities to combine services and make the organization of all attending services more streamlined. By coordinating an EHC plan, services to SEN …show more content…
Testing is also required for all students with disabilities, whether or not they have a statement or are an SEN student. Beginning with the Early Years Foundations Stage (EYFS), teachers are required to utilize a National framework to report on a child’s skill development in an attempt to gauge school readiness up through the year in which a child will reach five years of age. This EYFS report provides parents, teachers, doctors and care providers with valuable information related to student attainment of school ready skills and feedback on estimated levels of achievement moving into Year 1 of school. Testing at key academic stages, which correlate to specific grade levels, are a mandated statutory requirement of the new National Curriculum (See Appendix A). These stages are as follows: Stage One (5-7-year-olds), Stage Two (7-11-year-olds), Stage Four (14-16-year-olds). An assessment structure is part of the process which provides feedback to schools and parents at regular intervals in the staging process to see if learners are on track and able to meet expectations of Stage assessments. Interestingly, a new set of ‘preparatory stages’ commonly referred to as the ‘P scales’ have recently been included to assist in documenting the slower progress of students with learning issues (European Agency,

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