Rapid urbanisation has caused a variety of problems, including transport congestion, lack of sufficient homes and living conditions, sanitary and health care issues, and crime. For all these problems, city planners have attempted potential solutions, each with varying degrees of success. Cities including London, Manila and Mumbai have several of the aforementioned problems, and have each tried their own potential solutions. This essay will discuss how successful these schemes have been in resolving these issues.
As a result of an increased population inhabiting one area, traffic congestion is often a major issue resulting from urbanisation. In London, traffic is evidently a problem. As it would be expected from a capital city home to more
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In less economically developed countries in particular, housing and living conditions are a problem, as people attracted to the prospect of wealth from the city migrate there in thousands only to end up in slums. Manila is particularly affected by this, with 10000 illegal immigrant families occupying Roxas Boulevard, and likewise in Mumbai, the slum town Dharavi is occupied by over one million people. Due to the cramped, poorly built houses, and the lack of sewage disposal, disease is easily caught and spread through the slums, creating the secondary effect of bad health, furthered by a lack of health care. In Mumbai, health care services cannot meet the needs of the increased population, with only an estimated 30% of care reaching the poor. Both countries have made attempts to rectify the housing crisis, but in their LEDC status’, their funds are limited. In 2004, the Indian Government announced a plan to redevelop Dharavi slum and create a new independent township- however, no such action has taken place in the 10 years since the plan was announced. In Manila, the Government simply do not have the money for this kind of rejuvenation, and tried moving the slum dwellers back to the countryside, providing them with better homes. However, due to no industry and therefore no jobs in the country, a main factor to why people migrated in the first place, many people have simply moved back. Furthermore,