Female Genital Mutilation ( Fgm ) Essay examples

2215 Words Nov 28th, 2016 9 Pages
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional and cultural practice that involves the partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia or any injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or non-therapeutic reasons (United Nation Population Fund, 2016). In the majority of cases FGM is performed with unsterile medical instruments, by untrained traditional circumcisers and with the use of no anaesthetic.
In order to fully understand the degree of the practice The World Health Organisation (WHO,2016) has classified FGM into 4 categories:
Type 1 (clitoridectomy) - Removal of part or all of the clitoris.
Type 2 (excision) -Partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora
Type 3 (infibulation) - The narrowing of the vaginal opening by creating a seal, formed by cutting and sometimes repositioning the labia.
Type 4 - Other harmful procedures to the genitals, including pricking, piercing, cutting, scraping or burning the area. (WHO, 2016)
FGM is sometimes referred to as female circumcision, implying that it is similar to male circumcision. However, the degree of cutting is far more extensive. The experience of FGM increases the short and long term health risks to women and girls. The word mutilation establishes a clear linguistic distinction from male circumcision, and emphasizes the gravity and harm of the act (WHO, 2008). All United Nation agencies and intergovernmental documents use the term…

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