Features And Conctional Limitations In Adults With Autistic Spectrum Disorder
The following spectrum of features and functional limitations may be seen in adults with autism spectrum disorder. The severity of the disabling effects is linked to the degree of co-existing learning difficulties/disabilities:
• No speech or very limited vocabulary, echo speech of others
• Do not understand language, use of emphasis or tone variation to convey meaning
• Great difficulty in using or understanding nonverbal means of communication e.g. eye contact, body language, gestures
• Do not understand similes, metaphors, humorous, ironic or sarcastic remarks
• Difficulties in planning and organizing activities
• Cannot predict outcomes and the consequences of actions
• Have little or no …show more content…
The features listed above describe a spectrum of difficulties that may be present in people with high functioning autism to varying degrees, but they all have difficulties with social interaction and a tendency to engage in restrictive interests and rituals. For example they may speak at length using unusual and sophisticated vocabulary, but in monotonous tone or conversation with other people or interact with a group of people. They have difficulty in understanding other peoples perspective or feelings. Their intense interest in something else may hamper their ability to talk to others or to engage in other …show more content…
They consist of 40 hours a week of intensive therapy over two to three years.
An ABA programme is usually delivered by a consultant, who oversees the programme, and a team consisting of at least three therapists who alternate working with your child.
The programme team will work with your child on a one-to-one basis, in sessions of two to three hours. The team will try to teach your child by breaking skills down into smaller tasks. These tasks are then taught in a repetitive and structured way, with a particular emphasis on praising your child and reinforcing positive behaviour.
An ABA programme usually begins with simple tasks. Over time, these small tasks will build up into more complex skills that will help with your child's development.
TEACCH is a type of educational intervention that places great emphasis on structured learning by using visual prompts. Research has found that children with ASD often respond better to information that is presented