Emotion And Social Differences In The Autistic Brain

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Register to read the introduction… The National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR) Autism Genome Project have discovered irregularities in the corpus callosum (which affects communication between the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere of the brain), the cerebellum (which affects coordination, balance, and motor activity), and an enlarged amygdala. The amygdala plays an important role in emotion and social behavior by linking perceptual representations to cognition and behavior on the basis of the emotional or social value of the stimuli (Baron-Cohen, et, al, 2000). Recent evidence suggests that people with autism have abnormalities in the amygdala. This accounts for their inability to recognize fearful situations. Scientists at the NAAR have also discovered imbalances in the serotonin (which plays a role in behavior and emotions), and the glutamate (which consists of neuron activity). Synaptic connections between neurons are believed to be altered in the autistic brain. There may be too many or too few, too strong or too weak, or the synapses may even occur in the wrong place. This balance between excitatory and inhibitory synapses could be abnormal for establishing critical periods. All these differences in the brain can explain autistic …show more content…
According to WebMD, up to 40% of people diagnosed with autism may never learn to speak. This is usually because the more severity of the autism, the more a person’s speaking skills is affected. People with autism especially adults whose autism is less severe can often repeat phrases or words that they hear, this presents a challenge for those to speak at an age-appropriate level. A person with autism will find it extremely difficult to understand other people facial expressions, gestures, and feelings. A conversion with someone who’s autistic may feel like a one-way conversion. In a conversion with an autistic person there may be less exchanging of thoughts, interests, ideas, and feelings, this can lead to a lack of empathy. In addition to, when it comes to humor, an autistic person may misinterpret jokes, this can lead to many social problems because they do not understand what others think, want or feel. Many people with autism experience sensitivity to stimuli. According to Psychology Today, this sensory processing disorder presents a major social challenge; the meeting of new people brings new sensory information such as smells, sounds, sights, and other types of input causing a surprise response. This can cause autistic people to avoid forming new friendships, relationships, or social

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