Family Planning Essay

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The world population is projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050 according to United Nation and along with it is the concern for sustainability (1). As big as the earth, there is no doubt about its limited carrying capacity; after all, it is a planet with finite space and resource. Historically, population growth is often considered to be beneficial economically since it increases market size, labour force, consumption, inventions and innovations. As beneficial as it may to our economy, we have to face the reality that the sustainability of the world population is depended on whether or not we can meet the production demands. The miracle of technological innovations have allow human to surpass our limits time and time again but we are now faced …show more content…
The current population is 7.3 billion and there is no sign of stabilizing in the near future largely due to the rapid population growth in developing countries (3). With the many evidence indicating that our limited resources simply cannot sustain such continual growth in world population, we must seriously consider family planning in order to secure the needs and the well being of future generations and that of our planet. The following examines the necessity of family planning and the potential benefits which can come from smaller population such as, healthier economy, greater economic investment per individual, and achieving environmental …show more content…
Although family planning should be made a global policy, there is an immediate need to reduce poverty in the poorest areas of the world because studies have shown that lower education and high poverty correlates to high fertility (4). Given that underdeveloped countries are already at the economic disadvantage, a rapid increase in population can only further increases the demand for infrastructure, healthcare, social programs, and disaster reliefs - leaving little capital for economic development and long term social development programs such as skill training and higher education. Education is an important limiting factor, there are overwhelming evidence in many studies which shows that there is a strong relationship between higher education and lower birth rate (5). However, education is a large expenditure for any country, especially in economic disadvantaged countries where even basic education is limited. One way to overcome this is through enforcing short term reduction in fertility. By reducing fertility, thus reducing the number of young dependents, the ratio of adults to children will increases, and the result is increased in economic productivity since the older members of society will have more time and capital to invest in economic and personal growth. Also by reducing the total number

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