The Rise Of Malcolm X: The Black Panther Party

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The Black Panther Party was a result of the rise in “Black Power”, where contrasting views on Black liberation emerged. Martin Luther King Jr’s methods of non-violence were deemed unrealistic, especially in what was seen as a predominantly white, racist community. Thus, the party adopted Malcolm X’s militant stands and emerged as a successful organisation that fought racism and defended their people. During their time of activity, they established various rules and ideals, and initiated programs to aid the Black community. Active from 1966 until 1982, the party eventually fell due to FBI intervention and divisions within the group.

• Creators of the Black Panther Party
The Black Panther Party was created by Huey P. Newton and Robert George
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In the rules of the party it states that, “No party member will commit any crimes against other party members or black people at all, and cannot steal or take from the people, not even a needle or a piece of thread. “ The rules were implemented to have a group that is self- discipline and had their mind on the right path. After the rules there was the Eight Points of Attention, which included the point, “If we ever have to take captives do not ill- treat them.” The point suggests that the Black Panther Party must not treat anyone the way they would not want to be treated and not follow their enemies down the path of abusing their power as a party. Later on came the Three Main Rules of Discipline, the rules made sure the members do not abuse their power and become power hungry.

• Ten Point Program
When the Black Panther Party was created the main desires were equal housing, employment, civil rights and education. Later on in 1966, the Black Panther Party formulated the Ten Point Program that covered everything they wanted and were fighting for. The Ten Point Program called for the self- determination of African Americans and states in Point seven, “We Want An Immediate End To Police Brutality And Murder Of Black People,” which is one of the main things they strive for to put an end to police brutality and have a safer community for Black people.

• Different Programs in
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Governmental authorities such as the FBI, were extremely suspicious of the Black Panthers and in turn felt threatened by the group 's ever growing presence within American society. Labelling the group as being “the greatest threat to the internal security of the country”. Leading to the launch of a paranoia fuelled campaign aimed at the dismantling of the Black Panthers Party. As part of the campaign, the FBI arrested BPP members in attempts to weaken the movement, which had extremely damaging effects on the group as the frequent arrests of members meant that their funds had to be spent on legal battles and not their programmes which had also suffered.

• Black Panther Party Legacy
After the fall of the Black Panther Party, the Party left behind an important legacy. The Party urged Blacks to bare arms for self- defence. The Black Panther Party had a strong stance on police aggression and brutality against Black people and minority groups. Their stance against police brutality represents that people employed to set the laws in place can abuse their power towards a particular group. The Party has also left behind neighbourhood programs for families that are disadvantaged. All in all the Black Panther Party left behind a complex legacy and a lesson everyone can learn from.


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