Factors that Influence Development in Children Essay

1055 Words May 29th, 2012 5 Pages

There are various personal factors which can affect the development of children and young people. When a child is conceived, their genetics are formed. It is becoming increasingly apparent that as well as deciding, hair colour our genetics can influence addiction, depression and self-esteem issues. A baby’s development can also be affected during pregnancy. A mother’s lifestyle can also have an effect. Smoking, consumption of alcohol, infections picked up, stress, anxiety and diet can all influence the development of a child before birth. Factors such as being born premature or being injured during birth can also affect
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There are three types of hearing impairment – Conductive hearing loss where sounds are unable to pass from your outer ear to your inner ear, sensorineural hearing loss where the sensitive hair cells are damaged and mixed hearing loss which is both types of hearing loss at the same time. Sensorineural hearing loss is permanent and cannot be treated. But others can be assisted with hearing aids or implants. Sign language can be used for those with no hearing. Again, this can affect a child’s emotional they may feel they are different than others. Their social and communication development may also be affected as they may not be able to communicate with other children. If they are unable to listen to what people say their cognitive development will also be affected as they may be unable to understand and process things.
Smell impairments can be caused by illness and can change the way smells are perceived or loss of the ability to smell. Taste can also be impaired. This could be distorted or completely lost. We require smell in order to be able to taste. Touch disorders occur as a result of damage to the nervous system meaning that they can not feel objects properly. Touch impairment can affect cognitive development as the child may be unable to recognise objects through touch. Physical and communication can also be affected as they not be able to hold a pencil as the child may not be

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