Eysenck 's Trait Theories Of Personality Essay
Hans Eysenck was one of the most important yet, controversial trait theorists. Eysenck was a behaviorist who believed learned habits of great importance but that personality grew out of genetic inheritance (Boeree, 2006). Therefore, he was very interested in temperament. As a trait theorist he focused on how personality is understood through the context of a person’s characteristic ways of behaving. What set him apart was that his approach was more quantifiable (“Allport 's, Cattell 's, and Eysenck 's Trait Theories of Personality”, 2016).
Introduction To The Theory
During World War II, Eysenck compiled a series of questions about behavior. He applied those to soldiers who were treated at the Maudsley psychiatric hospital in London. He stated that most fundamental personality characteristics were largely inherited (“Eysenck 's Trait Theory”, 2014). Eysenck believed that through factor analysis, a technique which reduces behavior to a number of factors which could be grouped together in dimensions, he could identify traits (McLeod, 2014). Originally, Eysenck identified two personality dimensions of temperament. The first was extraversion vs. introversion and the second was neuroticism vs. stability. After collaborating with his wife, Sybil Eysenck, he added a third dimension which was psychoticism vs. socialization.
Eysenck believed that every person exhibits specific responses to both internal and external stimuli (“Hans Eysenck’s Structure of…