Explication Of Sustainable Farming

928 Words 4 Pages
Explication of Sustainable Farming
Wes Jackson made a statement about sustainable farming. Wes believes that traditional farming techniques are never going to be “sustainable” because as humans, we can never actually be sustainable. Wes’s statement can be summed up in three points: sustainability is beyond the stretch of humanity’s efforts in the long-run, today’s agriculture is a mistake, and organic farming even when done right, is not sustainable. Before reading into Wes’s statement, the definition of sustainability, in regards to ecology and environmentalism, must be clear. According to the Oxford Dictionary, sustainability is the conservation of ecological balances of natural resources. Wes believes that sustainability is past the scope
…show more content…
After seeing nature’s work with different plants like the perennial wheat, Wes is convinced that only nature can handle the full aspect of sustaining an ecosystem properly. As humans, we cannot make correct decisions all the time. Wes’s means that over-time, land will be passed from person to person, and as long as humans are trying to keep land producing to our heightened needs, sustainability is not possible. Nature, through the means of natural selection, slowly produce adapted plants that fit their needs for repopulation. Plants and all organisms that survive, more easily survive when their attributes favor their reproductions because without reproduction genes cannot be passed on. Fallible human beings so easily overlook the soil needs, the plant’s needs, and what the environment needs. Natural selection, however, is always resulting in the production of plants that are better suited for the environment and sustaining a population. When we farm, we take the need for surviving adaptations down a few levels by babying our plants into aided reproduction. The problem is that humans often don’t think in terms of long-run sustainability. We operate under the …show more content…
Although he confirmed that there are some farms that are better than others, he mainly stated that the present style of farming is hurting everyone. In the soil chapter, more and more grain is being produced through new methods for increasing yield. This grain that is being produced is annual wheat, so it needs to be harvested and replanted every season. This type of wheat cannot provide many nutrients for itself due to shallow roots; therefore, large amounts of fertilizers need to be used. The more fertilizers used, the higher the levels of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds in the runoff. This runoff flows into rivers streams, and eventually some kind of standing body of water. Phosphorus and nitrogen are the main compounds that are found in water that has gone through the eutrophication process. Eutrophication occurs when plants exponentially grow and reproduce. The result is a thick overhead cover that stops light from reaching plants at the lower levels of the ecosystem. When these plants cannot get the sun they need they can’t produce the oxygen that is needed to keep the fish population alive. Farm runoff is a huge offender in the creation of dead zones all across the world. If this practice of agriculture is continued, then aquatic ecosystems will fall apart. This aspect of farming shows that current methods of agriculture cannot be sustained with an artificial movement of high levels of nutrients. That leads into the

Related Documents