Evolutionary Perspective On Emotionality

Good Essays
Explanation of the Biological Perspective on Emotionality

In Eysenck’s research on emotionality/neuroticism, he explained that highly emotional

people tend to exaggerate threatening stimuli and respond differently based on other qualities

such as if they are introverted and extraverted. Introverts will learn to avoid situations that yield

panics and even tend to panic at the smallest hint and extraverts are better at avoiding intense

situations by using defense mechanisms. Introverts also participate in obsessive behaviors such

as constantly checking on things and washing their hands excessively.

Other major research on the biopsychology of emotion includes the theories of James-

Lange and Cannon-Bard (Pinel,
…show more content…
In its evolved state, fear is a reaction to potential threat, or, if thought of in a social

interaction of sorts, a concession to an aggressor.

Explanation of the Evolutionary Perspective on Emotionality

With respect to the limitations of any perspective in the field of psychology, this study

further implores susceptibility to emotionality as well as the basic question which takes into

account the need for emotionality. According to the evolutionary perspective, the psychological

and physiological need for emotion derives from the implication that motivation and the

environment plays a role in influencing behavior (Panksepp & Panksepp, 2001). Motivation and

the inherit emotion is what complements human nature and thus an individual may be motivated

from their childhood to be susceptible to reacting negatively to threatening stimuli as a result of

the environment that they were raised in.

Personal Experience with Emotionality

Emotionality and neuroticism is primarily a measure of a person’s emotional reactivity
…show more content…
Contrary to the positive effects of reading, my grades were average at best

and I had difficulty speaking and making friends. Personally, I react to threat more inwardly

than most and when I express my emotions, it is usually when I am alone so I can let reservations

TERM PAPER: EMOTIONALITY

12/8/2015 8

go and do whatever needs to be done to feel better. Others have suggested that I am an emotional

person but only specific in cases where I show anger and anxiety. These occurrences are usually

tied to things involving my family or anything that could possibly affect my future or health. An

example of this was last semester when I was told that I would not be technically listed as a

junior until the end of the fall semester. I took that as a threat to my future success and

immediately felt a high sensation if anxiety and fear. My first reaction was that the late junior

status on my records would negatively impact my chances to graduate with my class and that I

would disappoint my parents.

Currently, I doubt emotionality will ever be a characteristic of the past, solely on the basis

that I also have difficulties accepting help and implementing change. Eventually, I hope to

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Because anxiousness has dispositional genetic links, it’s possible to reduce it, but not get rid of it completely. Macaiber talks about an experiment conducted to see if anxiousness could be reduced, and the results he came up with claimed “the emotional impact of unpleasant stimuli on electrophysiological activity could be reduced, especially in high trait-anxious individuals by… ‘Attentional deployment’, which consisted of diverting attention away from emotional stimuli… and ‘implicit reappraisal strategy’ that promoted a cognitive re-evaluation of stimuli” (Macaiber). So when a trait-anxious person sees an unpleasant stimulus that makes them anxious, diverting their attention from the stimulus can reduce the anxiousness, but also re-evaluating the context of the stimuli. If a trait-anxious person sees an amusement park sign and it gives them anxiety because they don’t like roller coasters, they can either look away from the sign or try to change the way they think about the sign. So rather than thinking about roller coasters when they see the sign, they can think about going with their friends and riding bumper cars or another ride that doesn’t make them anxious.…

    • 1587 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ulric Gustave Neisser was considered the father of cognitive psychology after writing his book Cognitive Psychology. “From a cognitive process, fear is fear is related not only to a biological preparation or stimulus response association but also to the attributions regarding the safety and danger of the stimulus; the perception of control over the situation and the attribution made about the bodily alarm signal that the stimulus elicits,” (Arntz, 1995, p. 919). According to the cognitive model, those with social phobias become anxious when anticipating or even contributing in social situations because they think that it is going to make them feel uncomfortable. This leads them to assume they will behave awkwardly or in any other negative way, which could potentially ruin or make them lose their social status. Once this is triggered, these negative thoughts are said to contribute to a series of vicious cycles, which end up maintaining the social phobia (Clark, 1993, p. 225).…

    • 1445 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In 2002, Phillip Corr conducted research to find out if people have different response sensitivities depending on their personalities. Philip Corr sought to challenge the original RST theory which predicted that anxious people would be more sensitive when in a negative state and impulsivity would not play a factor. “Reinforcement sensitivity theory predicts that introverts, likely to be more anxious individuals, should be more sensitive to punishment due to their strong need to avoid aversive states. Like extraverts, highly impulsive individuals should be more sensitive to reward because of their strong need to experience positive states” (Feist, G., Feist, J., Roberts, 2013, p. 476). According to Corr these traits should act jointly and interdependently, in order to align with his theory of the joint influence.…

    • 1331 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Vincent Oh Case Study

    • 2341 Words
    • 10 Pages

    This method is likely to be applied to the case study, too. In this method, the patient is taught a different answer to the fear object. Rather than panicking in fear of an object or a situation, a person learns relaxation techniques to replace anxiety and fear. This new behavior is incompatible with the panicking so phobic, moving away from the previous response to the situation and the fear fades (Goldstein, 2013). The juxtaposition of conditions is often used in patients who are unable to seek treatment using the first method for dealing with…

    • 2341 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This will then lead to exploring how Watson uses the emotion of fear to then condition Little Albert to being fearful of certain objects. Finally I will then be looking at the ethicality behind the Little Albert experiment and whether or not it is humane to condition humans in this way. Watson believed that psychology should place its focus onto a catalyst or as Watson calls it a stimulus in order to provoke a specific response to that stimulus and that we should also pay careful attention to how habits are formed (Crain, 1992). This process is not an easy process as we are dealing with individuals who are unique. Watson was the founder of behaviourism and believed in the study of observable behavior as e believed that it is impossible to put a label onto a behavior that is not unconcealed (Schunk, 2012).…

    • 1691 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    “The superego represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment,” acting as our moral compass (Myers 516). The superego works along side the ego by taking not only the real, but also the ideal into consideration. Since the superego and id often conflict in desires, the ego must act as the peacemaker between the two, restraining us from displaying unapproved impulses in public (Myers 516). This can cause anxiety because the ego often distresses in losing its authority over certain situations (Myers 517). This leads to Freud’s objectives on how people prevent anxiety through defense…

    • 849 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Also, Thorndike had an idea and named it the law of effect. He concluded that consequence are greatly strengthened or weakened due to the S-R connections, while satisfiers are consequences that are sought and annoyers are those that are avoided. Next, BF Skinner introduced radical behaviorism. Operant conditioning involves operant behavior that indicates that humans operate the environment to get desired results. Reinforcers are consequences that strengthen the responses and punishers are consequences that decrease the responses.…

    • 748 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    A strength is that it shows valid cognitive factors. It can be concluded that the appraisal of the situation did have an affect on the emotions, it shows the cognitive factor of how we appraise certain situations that influence our emotional responses. A theory within the interactive of both biological and cognitive would be Schacter and Singer 's Two Factor Theory. The two factors interact with one another to produce specific emotions; being the physiological and emotion interpretation. The way that the TFT would be the perception of the stimulus may lead to bodily physiological arousal, and that physiological arousal is necessary for emotional experience, but needs to be labelled or interpreted by cognitive appraisal of the situation.…

    • 1162 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Senioritis In High School

    • 782 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Some students drop out of school completely, with only a few months left. A student can completely ruin their chance to graduate once they fall into this unhealthy pattern. Once accepted into college, students believe they can slack for the rest of the year; however colleges will revoke the acceptance into their college if the students grades change from the time they are accepted to the time they graduate. Senior year is one of the most important years so, if a student slacks off it can have severe repercussions. Students can lose scholarships and other opportunities.…

    • 782 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    They did not understand the program they had their mind made up that I was going to graduate from traditional High School. Once again, I hit a bump in the road. My parents felt I was trying to take the easy way out. For some reason, my parents did not understand, if i did not pass any of the three test and if I stayed at my school, it would all be a waste. At the end, I would get a certificate of completion not a certified High School diploma.…

    • 927 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays