Examples Of Derek Parrfit's Argument On Perfectionism

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In this essay, I will show that Derek Parfit is wrong to think that without perfectionism we cannot avoid the repugnant conclusion. My first step in defending this thesis will be to review Parfit’s argument on the repugnant conclusion and the way perfectionism helps us avoid it. I will then try to undermine his view by showing it supports implausible claims. For example, the premise of Parfit’s argument is that perfectionism does provide a full means of avoiding the repugnant conclusion. However, what perfectionism values is the total sum of happiness in a population. Thus, I argue that although perfectionism does give value to happy lives, it does not show the value that we should give to lives that are not worth living.

Parfit’s repugnant
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This is because the lives in B are better than A and the lives in B are less good than A but there are twice as many people in B that are living. So, population B is better than A, C is better than B and C is better than A as there is a greater total happiness. Therefore, it would make sense for the best things in life to be enjoyed by a larger number of people rather than for there to be a smaller …show more content…
Perfectionism denotes that lives at a very high level of welfare have greater value than lives that lack the best things in life. However, perfectionism is also coherent with the view that lives at a low positive level of welfare may also contain some of the best things in life. For example, lives at a low-levels can also contain good things in life if they only contain them to a certain extent. The low-level lives contain some of the good things in life and a certain number of them also contain a high number of the best things in life. If we value the amount of the best things for lives in a given population, then we should accept that these lives although barley worth living, would be better than a very large number of lives at a very high welfare level. Therefore, a certain number of the low-level lives that contain some of the good things in life would contain a higher quantity of the good things in life than a smaller number of lives at high welfare level, which shows why perfectionism does not provide a sufficient answer as it values the total number of the best things in

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