Ethics And Social Pressure, Law, Company Ethical Codes, And Personal Standards

834 Words Sep 14th, 2016 4 Pages
Ethic is defined as “a branch of philosophy that is the systematic study of reflective choice, of the standards of right and wrong by which it is to be guided, and of the goods toward which it may ultimately be directed.” (Philip Wheelwright, A Critical Introduction to Ethics). This definition emphasizes deliberate choice, moral principles, and the consequences of decisions. In order to be ethical one must make rational decisions that are non-deceiving and through experience I have discovered that to be very difficult depending on the circumstance of the situation. The factors that directly influence ethical behavior include the social pressure, Law, company ethical codes, and personal standards.
A major key point of which Wheelwright brings up early on in the text is that of the difference between human ethics and that of our animal counterparts. He argues that unlike our “subhuman” counterparts whose sub primal ethics are solely defined by their reaction to what happens in the environment, whereas human beings on the opposite side of the ethical spectrum can make conscious and often level headed decisions. A person who strives to think ethically tries to produce an outcome that is positive or that which conforms to moral principles, defined by either their own thinking or by societal standards. That is where, on the topic of ethics, human beings reign supreme over our animal counterparts.
Wheelwright further outlines the specifics of what he believed to be the main points…

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