Who Are Designer Babies?

Good Essays
Designer Babies

Parents want the best for their children, and they will do almost anything for them. They hire tutors and trainers, pay for lessons and classes, and spend time and money investing in the lives of their offspring. Many parents will go to the ends of the earth in order to provide the best life possible for their children and to enable them to live up to their full potential. Today, prospective parents can do much more than provide for their children while they are alive. They can ensure them a healthy life before they are born. Some fertility clinics, like the Fertility Institutes, offer a service called pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, PGD. This service screens a couple’s in-vitro fertilization embryos for life-threatening
…show more content…
This technology is germline modification, which allows the DNA of an embryo to be changed for the life of the resultant human being and for the lives of his offspring. Germline modification is not currently in practice, but this technology will be possible in the future (“Germline Gene Transfer). Genetically modified embryos have ethical, social, and scientific implications.
The reproductive technology at the root of germline modification is called In-vitro fertilization, or IVF. IVF is a technology where infertile women or women who are having trouble becoming pregnant can become pregnant by having her eggs fertilized outside her body before being implanted in her. Essentially, it is conception outside of the body. The first step in the process is extracting a woman’s eggs. A woman undergoing in-vitro will take a hormone suppressant followed by an egg supply booster. After that, the woman’s eggs will be extracted from her ovarian follicles to be used in her pregnancy. Concurrently, sperm from her partner or a sperm donor will be collected to fertilize the egg. Next, the eggs are fertilized outside the body, and an embryologist will monitor them and the healthiest will be chosen for transfer into
…show more content…
On one hand, inheritable genetic modification, IGM, is extremely promising. It has the promise of curing inheritable genetic diseases for generations as opposed to one person like current gene therapy (Frankel). If IGM was implemented at a universal level, the world could be free of genetic defects. Down syndrome, Huntington’s Disease, and Tay-Sachs could be relics from the past. In addition, germline engineering allows parents to select for the most athletic, most intelligent, most attractive, and healthiest children possible (“CGS: Inheritable Genetic Modification Argument Pro and Con”). Implemented on a large scale, germline engineering could change the world forever and impact every person alive in a positive way. What if IGM produced just one genius that would not have been a genius without the procedure? Some define genius by measure of achievement. Geniuses produce works greater and more life altering than any of their contemporaries. “Unquestioned examples of such works include Newton’s Principia, Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Tolstoy’s War and Peace, Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel frescoes and Beethoven’s ‘Fifth Symphony’” (Simmonton). Each and every one of these works impacted culture, science, or understanding in a world changing way. Denying genetic engineering could be denying canonical works of literature, masterpieces in music,

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    At this stage in the procedure it is possible for the parents to get genetic testing done to the embryo. This is called preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), it is especially used when couples know that they have a high chance passing on a genetic disorder. This testing is one of the most debated parts of IVF, and is the main reason why people would be against the treatment. The idea that parents can have testing done to find out the embryo’s genetic makeup and sex before it is implanted into the woman is controversial, some people believe it goes against “God’s plan”. For this kind of testing a single cell is taken from the embryo about three to four days after fertilization and then tested for a wide range of genetic…

    • 1057 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Genetic Screening Essay

    • 1327 Words
    • 6 Pages

    ("Learning about tay-Sachs Disease.") Prenatal screening comes with a lot of benefits as well. Using different methods of screening, including amniocentesis (a procedure where some amniotic fluid is drained for karyotype analysis) and chorionic villus sampling (taking some villi cells in the placenta and analyzing their karyotype), doctors and specialist can detect the possibility of the fetus developing genetic disorders early on. For example, the triple test for Down syndrome, which tests for raised amniotic fluid alpha protein, raised maternal serum chorionic gonadotrophin, and low unconjugated oestriol, tests the maternal serum of the mother, and has a 85 to 90 percent accuracy rate. (Godard, Beatrice et al.)…

    • 1327 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Prenatal Care Essay

    • 862 Words
    • 4 Pages

    If a condition of preeclampsia is detected early in pregnancy, doctors and can provide medications to regulate blood pressure to keep the mother and baby healthy. There are many issues than can be detected thanks to the advancement in technology and the development of prenatal screening…

    • 862 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    They are immortal and have unlimited developmental possibilities. Embryonic stem cells come from human embryos, which makes them a huge controversial topic. The problem is ethical and religious views, but understanding stem cells can give you a better idea of them. Embryonic stem cell research can be very beneficial to human life, helping to regenerate cells and…

    • 2203 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Additionally, an ultrasound is used to check the female reproductive system. By checking the female reproductive system, can help detects any diseases, cysts, etc. To continue, it can be used to put in birth control, and make sure the birth control is still in place over a long…

    • 1102 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Genetic Predispositions

    • 808 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The results of this test will show if a couple that falls in the pool of candidates will have offspring with this genetic disease. Prenatal testing is performed on a fetus in-vitro to inspect its genome to see if it is predisposed to have a genetic disease or to detect mutations in its genome. This test can assist expectant parents in making informed decisions concerning their pregnancy or develop a plan of treatment for when the fetus is…

    • 808 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It could go so far as what people call “designer babies,” which are “babies originated from embryos created by in-vitro fertilization (IVF).” (Pang) In short, you could select which traits and genes the baby carries in an attempt to further influence what traits the child would have as they grew up. Of course you could go too far down that route, customizing your child to the letter as our knowledge advances. It would be better to limit it to preventing inherited diseases and genetic defects, by utilizing recent gene editing tools by “active removal of disease gene[s] from carrier embryos.”(Pang) There are two ways to go about this: Mitochondria DNA replacement therapy, and Genome editing…

    • 945 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The purpose of PGD is to test for specific genetic disorders in order to avoid them when carrying out IVF. It is used to check for specific disorders before the embryo is implanted back into the mother so that only a normal and healthy child will be born; free from chromosomal issues that could impair his/her life. The demand for PGD has increased over recent years as it has become a serious option for couples with a family history of genetic disorders; a couple who already has an affected child; a couple who wants to increase their chances of having a successful pregnancy; HLA matching using a ‘saviour sibling’ and in small populations where small gene pools can lead to an increased frequency of…

    • 1240 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The egg needs to be in the stage at which fertilization would occur if it was to be fertilized in sexual reproduction. Firstly, the nucleus of the egg cell (which has not been fertilised) is removed using a sharp pipette. This process in known as enucleation. Next, the nucleus of the donated somatic cell is also removed and transferred into the egg cell. For the cell to then begin division (mitosis), chemicals or electric pulse is applied to stimulate development.…

    • 2133 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Nowadays, due to improvements of medical technology, people can check fetus is growing healthy by using prenatal tests. Pregnant woman can take tests between 15th and 20th weeks of pregnancy. They help to detect any problems that affect babies such as Downs Syndrome, and genetic diseases and also help mothers to make the best decision. Some people however indicate that using prenatal tests is ethically wrong because it seems doctors and mothers do not categorize fetus as human being. Nevertheless, using prenatal tests has a lot of beneficial things for people by three ethical theory; rights, consequentialism, and informed consent.…

    • 1262 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays