IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) And PGD

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The original process of IVF(In Vitro Fertilization) and PGD was used to find and get rid of diseases of the parent’s babies. Throughout the years scientists have used IVF and PGD for more physical and characteristical traits like blond hair or blue eyes. During the process ofTo do IVF, scientists combine the egg and sperms provided to form an embryo, take an embryo and an egg with a petri dish, engage in tests, and then puts the fertilized egg inside the mother. The outcome or the end result is known as a designer baby, a child that is or has went through the IVF process. Couples around the United States have been paying clinics or fertility centers for designer babies because of their fears of passing possible diseases. Couples also around …show more content…
Although, the prices may vary due to the different amount of IVF cycles people go through. The costs of IVF may also vary due to the different types of treatments people choose from, such as mini-ivf and full ivf. Mini-ivf which is a newer type of fertility treatment usually costs around 5,000 dollars, this is because this process uses less fertility drugs and less monitoring (Gurevich 1). The regular process of IVF takes multiple sperm cells are placed with an egg, where one of the cells end up fertilizing the egg. Although, people may choose to do ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection), which is when a single sperm is taken and put directly into the egg, would cost an additional amount of around 1,000 to 1,500 dollars (Gurevich 1). These costs are excluding PGD (which is the testing of the embryo, this is used to test if the embryo has any diseases of chances of diseases), which is an additional amount of 3,000 dollars (Gurevich 1). Overall the outcome cost of a designer baby my vary due to the different options and the amount of IVF cycles people go …show more content…
“If germ-line engineering(IVF/designer babies) becomes part of medical practice, it could lead to transformative changes in human well-being, with consequences to people’s lifespan, identity, and economic output.” says Antonio Regalado, who is an editor of technology and biomedical research, he is also a writer of science and technology, which gives him credibility. Regalado talks about what would happen if germ-line engineering, which is the same as IVF and designer babies, were to become a part of medical practice. He states that because of germline engineering, there would be changes in human well being, lifespan, identity and economic output. Another effect of germ-line engineering, or IVF and designer babies would be the social gap between the rich and the poor (Catalano 1). Because only the rich are able to afford designer babies, only the rich will have them. Therefore only the rich will have the diseases free, and smart children. In addition the poor will not have the opportunity to have those disease free and smart babies because of the expenses of having them. As time goes on, there would be those that are disease free and smart and those that have risks of diseases and are not as educated. As a result, there would be a further increase in the gap between the rich and the poor (Catalano 1). Although this is a “what if” situation and is not completely

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