Essay On Parliamentarism And Presidentialism
Democratic governments can be organized mainly in three different ways: Parliamentarism, presidentialism and semi-presidentialism. We will focus on the differences between parliamentary and presidential systems, explaining their main characteristics and claiming that parliamentarism is more democratic because of the executive constraints that it has. One of the defining feature of presidentialism is the lack of “legislative responsibility”, it means that the government acts according to the will of the President, not to the legislature assembly. Therefore, governments in presidential systems do not have the need of preserve the majority legislative support in order to stay in office and it can lead into more autocratic attitudes. Democracy would be the dependent variable measured with Polity IV and the independent variable would be presidentialism and parliamentarism, measured with the Political Institutional Database. Brazil, USA, Finland, ?, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy and Germany are the countries selected as a sample. According to our hypothesis, presidential countries should score less than parliamentarian ones.
A Presidential system is characterized by the separate elections of the legislative and executive branches. This mean that both of this …show more content…
The first two are based on contestation and describe executive recruitment, highlighting the competitiveness and the openness of the process which means that there should be different and independent political parties competing for the office and who can participate in politics. The second two are based on inclusion and describe democratic participation as not censitarian and at the reach of everybody. The innovative characteristic taken into account are the executive constraints which takes into account the checks and balances between different