Essay On Immune Thrombocytopenia Purpura (ITP)

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Immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP), is a blood disorder that is characterized by the destruction of the blood platelets caused by the presence of antiplatelet antibodies. This bleeding disorder is not associated with a systemic disease. It’s typically chronic in adults, but self-limited in children. The trouble with this there is not defining diagnostic that presents this disease clearly, instead the diagnosis is presented through the exclusion of other variables. Typically, patients have coagulation studies (COAG), liver function tests (LFT), and tests for infection. Other tests such as a complete blood count (CBC), a peripheral smear, bone marrow examination, coombs test, viral studies and an immunoglobulin quantitation are other test used as a means of elimination to determine a diagnosis of ITP. With the signs and symptoms of ITP presenting with purpura which is bruising or discolored (purplish) areas of the skin and/or mucous membranes which are bleeding for an unknown reason. Petechiae, which …show more content…
The primary purpose of this test is the evaluation the red blood cells, white blood cells, and the platelets for a routine check-up or unexplained symptoms such as bruising and or bleeding. The information gained from these tests are used to remove the various possibilities since there is no definitive test for the diagnosis of ITP. Sample collection is obtained through venipuncture in which the physician will give the patient instructions on whether to fast. A blood smear test is often done to diagnose conditions that are causing: unexplained jaundice, unexplained anemia, or low levels of red blood cells, abnormal bruising, persistent flu-like symptoms, sudden weight loss, unexpected of severe infection, skin rashes or cuts or bone

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