Cuban Missile Crisis Research Paper

Good Essays
The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 14 day long standstill during the Cold War. This conflict was between the Soviet Union and the United States of America which almost brought these two countries on the brink of war in the fall of 1962. This crisis started on October 14, 1962 when a U-2 reconnaissance plane returned from a flight over Cuba with pictures of long, canvas-covered objects. Over that next 24 hours American analysts looked at the photograph that these pilots had taken and finally determined that the Soviets were installing medium-range ballistic missiles and launch pads in Cuba. These missiles were located less than 100 miles of Florida and were highly able of taking out a large portion of the United States. …show more content…
A single nuclear weapon may have an explosive force equivalent to millions of tons. That would equal megatons of trinitrotoluene. Trinitrotoluene is normally called TNT and is the chemical explosive normally used for comparisons and can destroy a large city in just a few seconds. The devastating power of nuclear weapons comes from the core of the atom. The core of the atom is called the nucleus. One type of nuclear weapon is the fission bomb. The Fission bomb uses the energy let go when nuclei of strong elements like plutonium split apart. Another, even more powerful type of nuclear weapon is the fusion/hydrogen bomb. The hydrogen bomb uses the energy released from nuclei when hydrogen fuses or unites. Nuclear devices have been produced in many sizes and for many reasons. Bombs are devices that can be dropped and released from airplanes. A warhead can be delivered by missiles launched from land, air, or sea. The method of the missiles being released in water are launched and carried by torpedoes. Artillery shells can be fired from cannons while mines can be placed on the land or placed floating in the sea. Some nuclear weapons are small enough to destroy only a portion of a battlefield and are called “tactical nuclear weapons”. Another type of nuclear weapon that is large enough to destroy entire cities is called a “strategic nuclear …show more content…
In the early 1960s, the island nation of Cuba became the Cold War 's most dangerous point in its history. In 1959 Communist leader Fidel Castro (born in 1926) took power in Cuba after helping lead the mission to overthrow President Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (1901-1973). Castro created close relationships to the Soviet Union. This naturally was a positive thing to have a good friend located so close to the United States. John F. Kennedy was the president at that time and he was disturbed by the presence of a Soviet-sponsored communist country just ninety miles off the Florida coast. Mr. Kennedy then made the decision in 1961 to arm a group of Cuban exiles and helped them start an invasion at the Bay of Pigs in southwest Cuba. This mission was `aimed at removing Castro from power. With Castro’s most recent success over the communist leader he planned and installed his new coalition government in Havana. As Fidel Castro solidified his power, the new Cuba grew very distant from the United States and they began to develop close relations ships with the Soviet Union. This alliance that was building between the two disturbed American leaders. American business interests were being crushed by Castro’s revolution and the communist influenced government was eagerly pressed against the United States government. With this tempting the 50 states, the CIA began a plan to overthrow

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    When Castro came into power in 1959, after overthrowing Cuba’s previous dictator, Fulgencio Batista, he immediately changed things on the island, morphing the island into a “totalitarian communist bastion.” President Eisenhower was aghast by Cuba’s new state, so he started making plans to take down Castro, and he believed invading the island would be the best course of action. Kennedy took office after Eisenhower, and in March of 1961 an invasion of Trinidad, a city along the coast of Cuba, had been planned. Trinidad was never invaded, and a new landing point, called the Bay of Pigs, was chosen instead. Cuban exiles invaded the island in April of 1961. The invasion came to be known as the “Bay of Pigs Invasion,” and the American…

    • 761 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    and the Soviet Union, and in the United State’s hostile policy toward the Cuban revolution. The tension between the two superpowers is what led to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Recently declassified information shows plans of an invasion, the assassination of Fidel Castro, and the installation of a favorable government in Havana since November of 1961. This validates Nikita Khrushchev’s, Soviet Premier, claim that the missiles were purely for Cuba’s defense. Defending Cuba was a paramount goal of the Soviet Union.…

    • 1569 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    But in an attempt to keep their involvement out of the invasion, they cancelled some of the previously planned airstrikes on local airfields. Because of this, Castro’s supporters were able to completely hold back the rebels and the United State’s involvement in the invasion was revealed. Nearly a year later, Castro began installing Soviet nuclear warheads on Cuban land. Then, in August of 1962, American spy planes spotted those…

    • 1965 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Atomic Model

    • 723 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Fusion is when two atomic nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus which results in the release of many photons. The photons released are the light that we see. The light produced in this reaction can have any wavelength. In the case of stars, a reaction of deuterium (basic nuclei) and hydrogen (basic atom) produce a helium atom with a photon which is seen as the main source of the illumination of the star. In the end, we are able to see that stars are made up of atoms through the use of spectral lines and our knowledge of fusion.…

    • 723 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Even they are considered as an important part of the Crisis. Cuba was controlled by the American business. The dictator Batista, who has been the ruler since 1934 because of his cruel reign, his rule ended in 1959 and Fidel Castro is now the ruler. In January 1960, he made alliances with the Soviet Union. They promised to buy Cuba’s sugar.…

    • 1108 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    After failure of US, the Soviet started to support Castro regime of Cuba. On other hand, Soviet bought sugar export of Cuba –Soviet did not need to buy sugar of Cuba- and guarantee for intervention of US. On January 1962, General Edward Lansdale described plans to overthrow the Cuban Government in a top-secret report (partially declassified 1989), addressed to President Kennedy and officials involved with Operation…

    • 1828 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    First, a naval blockade was built to isolate the island of Cuba. An address is made to the world when, “President Kennedy directs that attention be focused on implementing the blockade option, calling it the only course of action compatible with American principles” (The Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline). When Kennedy decides to implement a blockade on Cuba, he is well aware that he will be confronting Soviet supply ships in the process. Second, Soviet officials began to build naval units specialized in the art of nuclear war, all of which were engaged in surrounding the island of Cuba with supplies and attempting to break through the American blockade. A year before the Cuban Missile Crisis, “A Sverdlov-class heavy cruiser, the Admiral Senyavin was extensively modified to become a command ship in the event of nuclear war, and the rear guns were removed to install a helicopter deck and hangar” (Ross 342).…

    • 1567 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cuban Revolution Essay

    • 948 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Especially after signing agreements with the Soviet Union, and their developing relationship. The US government decided that Castro 's discussions and the new Cuban government were a threat to the US. Therefore, on March 1960, the US president Eisenhower issued orders for the CIA to start training Cubans in preparation for an attack on Cuba. John F. Kennedy became the US president in 1961 and carried in the operation that Eisenhower started. The armed forces headed to Cuba in April 1961, around 1200 armed exile arrived at the Bay of Pigs.…

    • 948 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Cuban Regime

    • 1053 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Castro nationalized all American businesses in Cuba and developed very close ties with the Soviet Union. Because of Cuba’s expropriation of American assets, radical left-wing ideals, and close geographic proximity, American policymakers viewed the island as a “grave concern” (history.state.gov). The CIA construed an operation called the Bay of Pigs, which consisted of Cuban exiles that challenged Castro’s administration in Cuba. The operation was a failure. Following the Bay of Pigs, Operation Mongoose was designed to remove Castro from power; ranging from anti-Castro propaganda to direct assassination attempts, the operation failed to do its intended objective (history.state.gov).…

    • 1053 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The purpose was to overthrow Fidel Castro’s communist rule of Cuba. The whole operation was based on the assumption that the Cubans would welcome an invasion. The CIA completely failed to successfully execute the operation. The failure of Big of pigs had several ripple effects. It put fear in Castro, causing him to take help from U.S.S.R, which planned to establish military bases in Cuba.…

    • 949 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays