Essay on Environmental And Genetic Factors Of An Anxiety Disorder

1454 Words Oct 14th, 2014 6 Pages
Although environmental and genetic factors are prevalent, a strong belief in transmission of an anxiety disorder is within the family. According to Fisak and Grills Taquechel (2007), a child’s parents can contribute to the likelihood of developing anxiety through modeling of learning experiences, transferring of information, and reinforcement schedules. A top-down or bottom-up approach can be used to predict the source of the phobia or fear. Visual signs of fear, such as facial expressions, in the presence of the stimuli are seen as observational learning. Modeling produces our most complex behaviors. Children can learn and develop anxiety and the contributing traits through salient behaviors of their caregivers.
Fredrikson, Annas, Fischer, and Wik (1996) used a mailed out questionnaire of true-false questions to determine the age and gender difference in different phobias. A visual analogue scale was used for the ratings of fears such as snakes, spiders, lightning, enclosed spaces, darkness, flying, heights, injections, dentists, and injuries. Males resulted in having multiple phobias; however, women only had a single phobia. Animal phobias, in accordance with situational phobias, were the second most common phobia next to an inanimate object phobia. Younger and older women both rated snake phobias significantly higher than the younger and older males. A significant difference in gender is still shown within the results of this study.
Avoidance behaviors associated with…

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