Essay On The Colonization Of Australia

Colonization of Australia
In 1788, two years after the decision to colonize Australia was made, Captain Arthur Philip and 1,500 convicts, crew, marines and civilians arrived at Sydney cove. European explorer, especially the pitch began to make contact with Australia’s coasts in the 1700’s. The Dutch were making their way from their Indonesian trading posts. They were probably the first people the indigenous had seen.
The colonization of Australia had a devastating impact on the indigenous people who had lived on this land for over 60,000 years. Before the British came to colonize Australia, the Dutch colonized it and named it “New Holland”.
A few days after arrival at Botany Bay the fleet moved to the more sustainable port Jackson where a settlement was established at Sydney cove on 26 January, 1788. The colony was formally proclaimed by Governor Philip on 7 February 1788 at Sydney.

The main reason for a British settlement in Australia was to provide a place of punishment where convicts could be sent. Philip’s objective was to establish a settlement and make it self-supporting as soon as possible so that the British government would not have to pay large amounts of money to keep trying to find a new settlement.
The fleet of 11
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The British gave the indigenous people and easier and healthier way of life. Instead of the indigenous people hunting for their own food and finding their own water. The bad impacts were that the British carried over many diseases which killed many indigenous people. The British brought sheep, rabbits and cattle that took up and killed more land that the indigenous people lived in. there were also many conflicts because the indigenous did not like what the new settlers has done to their land and way of living by being killed for not following the British law. There were only small communities of indigenous people who kept their traditional

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